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How old is Kenya Petroleum Refineries Limited and what is its current capacity?
The first refinery complex was commissioned in 1963 by the Shell and BP companies configured for distillation, hydrotreating, catalytic reforming and bitumen production. An additional refinery complex was commissioned in 1974. Both complexes have a combined crude oil processing capacity of 8,000 tones per day which translates to 2.7 million tones per year.
Is Kenya Petroleum Refineries a private or public company and what is the current shareholding structure?
Kenya Petroleum Refineries Limited is a private Limited Liability Company run by a Board of Directors through a management team headed by the General Manager. The current share holding structure is: Government of Kenya 50%, Shell International Petroleum Co Ltd 17.1%, British Petroleum (BP) 17.1% and Chevron (former Caltex) 15.8%
Where is most of the crude oil sourced from and how is it delivered from the ship at the port to the refinery complex at Changamwe?
Most of the crude which the refinery processes is imported from the Middle East under the Open Tendering System. The mainly Murban or Arabian crudes are shipped in large Tankers of up to 80,000 tones capacity which berth and discharge their cargoes at the Kipevu Oil Jetty in Kilindini Harbor. From huge tanks at the jetty the crudes are then delivered through underground pipelines to the refinery complex at Changamwe a distance of about 6 km’s.
What is the O.T.S system?
For practical reasons the Refinery serves customers within a pool in which an individual user or customer wins a tender to deliver crude through the Open Tendering System from which after processing, all other customers draw product. Subsequent deliveries are also tendered through the OTS with the Refinery keeping account of crude oil delivered, crude oil stocks, products in stock and products drawn.
Kenya Petroleum Refineries lays at lot of emphasis on safety. Why is this?
By the very nature of the business at KPRL, safety is considered as top priority in all operations, and is firmly embedded in our corporate fabric. All safety activities are coordinated at high level through a very elaborate safety management system covering advice, information and policy as well as maintenance of fire fighting appliances and training. Specifically the safety management system has been developed to cover safety objectives, safety policy, safety organization, safety procedures, and document control, corrective action, records, audits and safety procedures.
How is safety at Kenya Petroleum Refineries Limited managed and measured?
All new employees and contractors are taken through a very rigorous safety induction programme after which they are provided with all appropriate personal protective equipment for the different types of works at hand. KPRL is one of the only companies in Kenya that tests for alcohol before commencement of work primarily to ensure that employees are fit and able to work safely. Any work which may impact on safety must be authorized by a’’ permit to work” which ensures that work can only commence if all safety parameters have been certified and signed off.
Specifically, safety performance is monitored and compared to quarterly targets through the occurrence of near misses, first aid cases, medical treatment cases, lost time injuries, fires, and vehicle accidents.
Does Kenya Petroleum Refineries produce unleaded petrol?
Yes Kenya Petroleum Refineries Limited has produced un-leaded petrol since December 2005 in compliance with the Dakar Declaration which Kenya is a signatory
What is Fractional Distillation?
Fractional distillation is the process of extracting product from a consignment of crude oil once it has reached the refinery. The crude is pumped through a furnace where it is heated to approximately 350 degrees celsius at which point part of the crude oil is vaporized. From the furnace the vaporized materials are passed into a large distillation column separated into sections by trays and vales. These valves allow the hot vapors to pass up the column where they separate as they condense and settle on the trays as diesel oil, kerosene, gasoline, and petroleum gases which are then piped of for storage. The unvapourised part of the crude moves down the column and out at the bottom as oil residue.
What is the relationship between Kenya Petroleum Refineries Limited and Kenya Pipeline Company?
KPRL and KPC are two distinct companies with different ownership structures. KPC is wholly owned by the Government whereas KPRL is a private company. KPRL’s main business is to processing of crude to product while KPC transports the finished product upcountry via pipeline.