Emergency Response School
The KPRL operation by it’s nature is inseparable from the risk of hydrocarbon fire and explosion. Whilst some support during such incidents is available from the Municipal Fire Brigade, it is recognized that major accident events which may occur at oil facilities is outside the day-to-day remit of this organisation. Further support is also available from local oil industry facilities. However, it must be noted that with the exception of response to oil spill, the industry is not formally coordinated, and that standards of training, equipment and response strategy vary widely. Given the above, it is of crucial significance that KPRL maintain an in-house emergency response capability.
To support the in-house emergency response capability, a structured approach to training and competency assurance is required. There are a number of third-party service providers operating fire training classes in East Africa. However, the majority of these schools are aimed at light industrial or commercial facilities, and offer little to KPRL beyond basic use of fire extinguishers. Further, there is not currently a coordinated industry-wide emergency response suite within the region. In order to meet the above demand, KPRL operates an emergency response school.
Course modules offered are relevant to the crude oil refining industry. Whilst there is a significant overlap between refinery, marketing terminal, industrial and state requirements, the primary objective of the school is to mitigate the risks associated with the KPRL operation. The modules, whilst site specific to the KPRL operation, nomenclature and equipment, make use of media of actual KPRL equipment and incidents, or similar media from Africa. The course modules each utilize a theory component, based on a specific slide presentation, which is accompanied by slideshows, digitized video recordings and animations together with a written examination paper. Each of the theory components is complemented by a practical component making use of the KPRL fire training ground. The duration of practical components varies from ½ to one day depending on topic complexity.
The KPRL fire training ground is located on the Changamwe refinery site, and consists of three concrete pads. Two of the concrete pads contain fire fighting props which are fed by pressurized fuel. Current props include:
- Falling film prop,
- Heat exchanger prop,
- Burst pipe/flange at height prop,
- Portable small pool fire pan,
- Flange jet fire prop,
- Pump seal fire prop,
- Burst pipe/flange at grade prop,
- Large pool fire pan,
- Draughting prop,
- Smoke shed.
Firewater is supplied from the refinery firewater main, allowing extended duration hose drills to be undertaken. The pads are surrounded by extensive grassed areas which provide suitable space for hose drills and fire appliance operation. Additionally, a rescue prop is installed adjacent to the operating plants. The prop consists of an elevated vessel, being a redundant boiler deaerator. Access to the vessel is by ladder to an elevated platform, which supports the vessel manway. The vessel is suitable for instruction in confined space rescue and rescue from heights operations.
The following course modules are currently offered at the KPRL Emergency Response School:
- Module 1: Basic Firefighting
- Module 2: Compressed Air Breathing Apparatus
- Module 3: Foam Appliance Operation
- Module 4: Fire Appliance Operation
- Module 5: Refinery Search and Rescue
- Module 6: Confined Space Entry
- Module 7: External Incidents
- Module 8: Oil Spill Response
- Module 9: KOT and SOT Preventative Maintenance
KPRL welcomes the participation of third-parties at emergency response training sessions, both theory and practical. Such participation is a good means to share knowledge and develop the relationships key to mutual aid. However, the controls outlined in the KPRL Emergency Response School Manual (see link below) shall apply to third-party participation.
To organize participation in a KPRL Emergency response School module, please contact our Manufacturing Manager on +254 41 22205233 or at MM@kprl.co.ke.